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946.12

WHAT HAS CHANGED SINCE 1975?

Crime now defined as Class E felony.

Possible penalties increased from fifty
dollars fine to 1999 fine of $10,000.00.

Possible Imprisonment increased from one
to two years. This goes to five years
on 31 December 1999. Word "his" is
now "officer . . or employe . ."
 

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CASE LAW      ATTORNEY GENERAL OPINIONS
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Wisconsin 1997-98 Statutes

946.12 Misconduct in public office.

Any public officer or public employe
who does any of the following is
guilty of a Class E felony:

946.12(1)

   Intentionally fails or refuses
   to perform a known mandatory,
   nondiscretionary, ministerial duty
   of the officer's or employe's office
   or employment within the time or in
   the manner required by law; or

946.12(2)

   In the officer's or employe's capacity
   as such officer or employe, does an act
   which the officer or employe knows is in
   excess of the officer's or employe's
   lawful authority or which the officer or
   employe knows the officer or employe is
   forbidden by law to do in the officer's
   or employe's official capacity; or

946.12(3)

   Whether by act of commission or
   omission, in the officer's or employe's
   capacity as such officer or employe
   exercises a discretionary power in
   a manner inconsistent with the duties
   of the officer's or employe's office
   or employment or the rights of others
   and with intent to obtain a dishonest
   advantage for the officer or employe
   or another; or

946.12(4)

   In the officer's or employe's capacity
   as such officer or employe, makes an
   entry in an account or record book or
   return, certificate, report or statement
   which in a material respect the officer
   or employe intentionally falsifies; or

946.12(5)

   Under color of the officer's or
   employe's office or employment,
   intentionally solicits or accepts
   for the performance of any service
   or duty anything of value which the
   officer or employe knows is greater
   or less than is fixed by law.

History: 1977 c. 173; 1993 a. 486.

Subsection 946.12(5) prohibits
misconduct in public office with
constitutional specificity.

Ryan v. State,
79 Wis.2d 83,
255 N.W.2d 910.

Subsection 946.12(3) applies to corrupt act
under color of office and under de facto
powers conferred by practice and usage.

Person not a public officer may be
charged with party to the crime
of official misconduct.

State v. Tronca,
84 Wis.2d 68,
267 N.W.2d 216 (1978).

On-duty prison guard did not
violate 946.12(2) by fornicating
with prisoner in cell.

State v. Schmit,
115 Wis.2d 657,
340 N.W.2d 752 (Ct. App. 1983).

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946.12 Misconduct in Public Office Citations

State v. Woeshnick,            (Ct.App. 1999)

State v. Dennis,               (Ct.App. 1998)

State v. Koch,                 (Ct.App. 1998)

State v. Raabe,                (Ct.App. 1998)

State v. Adams,                (Ct.App. 1998)
221 Wis.2d 1
584 N.W.2d 695

Eneman v. Richter,             (Ct.App. 1998)

Ottinger v. Pinel,             (Ct.App. 1997)

State v. McGuire,              (Ct.App. 1996)
204 Wis.2d 372
556 N.W.2d 111

Kimps v. Hill,                         (1996)
200 Wis.2d 1
546 N.W.2d 151

Century Shop v. Malone & Hyde, (Ct.App. 1995)

State v. Greenwold,            (Ct.App. 1994)
189 Wis.2d 59
525 N.W.2d 294

State v. Evans,                (Ct.App. 1994)
187 Wis.2d 66
522 N.W.2d 554

State v. Mitchell,                     (1992)
169 Wis.2d 153
485 N.W.2d 807

Harkness v.                    (Ct.App. 1990)
Palmyra-Eagle Board,
157 Wis.2d 567
460 N.W.2d 769

Kalt v. Milwaukee Board of     (Ct.App. 1988)
Fire Commissioners,
145 Wis.2d 504
427 N.W.2d 408

Rakovich v. Wade,             (7th Cir. 1988)
850 F.2d 1180

C.L. v. Olson,                         (1988)
143 Wis.2d 701
422 N.W.2d 614

Rakovich v. Wade,             (7th Cir. 1987)
819 F.2d 1393

County of Milwaukee v. LIRC,           (1987)
139 Wis.2d 805
407 N.W.2d 908

Disciplinary Proceedings against Rihn, (1987)
137 Wis.2d 152
403 N.W.2d 38

State v. Trongeau,             (Ct.App. 1986)
135 Wis.2d 188
400 N.W.2d 12

State v. Stoehr,                       (1986)
134 Wis.2d 66
396 N.W.2d 177

State v. Harris,               (Ct.App. 1985)
123 Wis.2d 231
365 N.W.2d 922

State v. O'Neill,                      (1984)
121 Wis.2d 300
359 N.W.2d 906

State v. Schwartze,            (Ct.App. 1984)
120 Wis.2d 453
355 N.W.2d 842

Ibrahim v. Samore,                     (1984)
118 Wis.2d 720
348 N.W.2d 554

State v. Schmit,               (Ct.App. 1983)
115 Wis.2d 657
340 N.W.2d 752

Hjerstedt v. Schultz,          (Ct.App. 1983)
114 Wis.2d 281
338 N.W.2d 317

State v. Dekker,               (Ct.App. 1983)
112 Wis.2d 304
332 N.W.2d 816

Gibson v. Wisconsin DOT,       (Ct.App. 1981)
103 Wis.2d 595
309 N.W.2d 858

Law Enforcement Board v.               (1981)
Lyndon Station,
101 Wis.2d 472
305 N.W.2d 89

Law Enforcement Board v.       (Ct.App. 1980)
Lyndon Station,
98 Wis.2d 229
295 N.W.2d 818

Schroeder v. State,                    (1980)
96 Wis.2d 1
291 N.W.2d 460

Scarpaci v. Milwaukee County,          (1980)
96 Wis.2d 663
292 N.W.2d 816

Jessen v. State,                       (1980)
95 Wis.2d 207
290 N.W.2d 685

Yotvat v. Roth,                (Ct.App. 1980)
95 Wis.2d 357
290 N.W.2d 524

Bablitch & Bablitch v. Lincoln County, (1978)
82 Wis.2d 574
263 N.W.2d 218

State v. Tronca,                       (1978)
84 Wis.2d 68
267 N.W.2d 216

State v. Woehrer,                      (1978)
83 Wis.2d 696
266 N.W.2d 366

Pavlik v. Kinsey,                      (1977)
81 Wis.2d 42
259 N.W.2d 709

State v. Starke,                       (1977)
81 Wis.2d 399
260 N.W.2d 739

Cords v. Anderson,                     (1977)
80 Wis.2d 525
259 N.W.2d 672

Ryan v. State,                         (1977)
79 Wis.2d 83
255 N.W.2d 910

State ex rel Caledonia v. Racine,      (1977)
78 Wis.2d 429
254 N.W.2d 317

Lister v. Board of Regents,            (1976)
72 Wis.2d 282
240 N.W.2d 610

State v. Davis                         (1974)
63 Wis. 2d 75,
216 N.W. 2d 31.

U.S. v. ClearfieldE.D. Pa.             (1973)
358 F. Supp. 564.

Grayned v. City of Rockford            (1972)
408 U.S. 104,
92 S.Ct. 2294,
33 L.Ed. 2d, 22.

State v. Kort,                         (1972)
54 Wis.2d 129
194 N.W.2d 682

State ex rel Arnold v. County,         (1971)
51 Wis.2d 434
187 N.W.2d 354

State ex rel Welch v. Waukesha,        (1971)
52 Wis.2d 221
189 N.W.2d 417

U.S. v. Egenberg               (2d Cir. 1971)
441 F. 2d 441,
cert. denied
404 U.S. 494.

U.S. v. East                  (9th Cir. 1969)
416 F. 2d 351.

State ex rel Kurkierewicz v. Cannon    (1969)
42 Wis. 2d 368,
166 N.W. 2d 255.

Slate v. Zwicker                       (1969)
41 Wis. 2d 497,
104 N.W. 2d 512.

Burton V. State Appeal Board           (1968)
38 Wis. 2d 294,
156 N.W. 2d 386.

Holesome v. State                      (1968)
40 Wis. 2d 95,
161 N.W. 2d 283.

Johnson v. State                       (1968)
251 Ind. 17,
238 N.W. 2d 651.

U.S. v. Tzanstarmas           (9th Cir. 1968)
402 F. 2d 163.

State v. Alfonsi                       (1967)
33 Wis. 2d 469,
147 N.W. 550.

Whitty v. State                        (1967)
34 Wis. 2d 278,
149 N.W. 557.

People v. Patrick                      (1967)
38 Ill. 2d 255,
230 N.E. 2d 843.

U.S. v. Pope                 (S.D. N.Y. 1966)
189 F. Supp. 12.

Joint School District v.               (1965)
Joint County School Commission,
26 Wis.2d 437
132 N.W.2d 549

Slate v. Givens                        (1965)
28 Wis. 2d 109,
135 N.W. 2d 780.

Wolke v. Fleming,                      (1964)
24 Wis.2d 606
129 N.W.2d 841

Blake v. U.S.                 (8th Cir. 1963)
323 F. 2d 245.

State v. Fish,                         (1963)
20 Wis.2d 431
122 N.W.2d 381

State ex rel Kuszewski v.              (1963)
Board of Fire and
Police Commissioners
22 Wis. 2d 19,
125 NW. 335.

State v. Begyn                         (1961)
34 N.J. 35,
167 A. 2d 161.

State v. Lombardi,                     (1959)
8 Wis.2d 421
99 N.W.2d 829

State v. Matule                        (1959)
154 N.J. Super. 326,
148 A. 2d 848.

Boles v. Industrial Commission         (1958)
5 Wis. 2d 382,
92 N.W. 873

Georgiades v. Glickman                 (1956)
272 Wis. 257,
75 N.W. 2d 573.

State ex rel Nelson v. Rock County     (1955)
271 Wis. 312,
73 N.W. 2d 564.

Bohn v. Sauk County                    (1954)
268 Wis. 213,
67 N.W. 2d 288.

U.S. v. Harris                         (1954)
347 U.S. 612,
74 S.Ct. 808,
98 L.Ed. 989.

Boyce Motor Lines v. U. S.             (1952)
342 U.S. 337,
72 S.Ct. 329,
96 L.Ed. 367.

Butler v. U.S.              (10th Cir.. 1952)
197 F. 2d 561.

State ex rel Stock v. Kubiak           (1952)
262 Wis. 613,
55 N.W. 2d 905.

State v. Weleck                        (1952)
10 N.J. 355,
91 A. 2d 751.

Ruwaldt v. W. C. McBride, Inc.         (1944)
388 Ill. 285,
57 N.E. 2d 863,
155 A.L.R. 1209.

State v. Davidson                      (1943)
242 Wis. 406,
8 N.W. 2d 275.

Herde v. State                         (1941)
236 Wis 408,
295 N.W. 684.

Martin v. Smith                        (1941)
239 Wis. 314,
1 N.W. 2d 163.

U.S. v. Goldsmith             (7th Cir. 1940)
108 F. 2d 917.

Lanzetta v. State                      (1939)
306 U.S. 451,
59 S.Ct 618,
83 L.Ed. 888

Liskowitz v. State                     (1939)
229 Wis. 636,
282 N.W. 103.

State ex rel Dinneen v. Larson         (1939)
231 Wis. 207,
284 N.W. 21.

U.S. Fidelity & Guaranty v. Hooper     (1935)
219 Wis. 373,
263 N.W. 184

Wasserman v. Kenosha                   (1935)
217 Wis. 223,
258 N.W. 857.

Lochner v. State                       (1935)
218 Wis. 472,
261 N.W. 227.

State ex rel Pierce v.                 (1934)
Board of Trustees
158 Wis. 417,
149 N.W. 205.

State v. Bennett                       (1934)
213 Wis. 456,
252 N.W. 298.

People v. Kingsbury                    (1933)
353 Ill. 11,
186 N.E. 2d 470.

Rosenberg v. State                     (1933)
212 Wis. 434,
249 N.W. 541.

State ex rel Schwenker v.              (1932)
District Court
206 Wis. 600,
240 N.W. 406.

Hannon v. Madden                       (1931)
214 Cal. 251,
5 P. 2d 4.

State v. Meating                       (1930)
202 Wis. 47,
231 N.W. 263

U.S. v. Wurzbach                       (1930)
280 U.S. 396,
50 S.Ct. 167,
74 L.Ed. 508.

People ex rel Rush v. Wortman          (1929)
334 Ill. 298,
165 N.E. 788,
64 A.L.R. 530

State ex rel Sisson v. Kalk            (1929)
197 Wis. 573,
223 N.W. 83.

Smith v. State                         (1928)
195 Wis. 555,
218 N.W. 822.

Connally v. General Construction Co    (1925)
269 U.S. 385,
46 S.Ct. 126,
70 L.Ed. 322.

Ellefson v. Smith                      (1924)
182 Wis. 398,
196 N.W. 834.

Ryan v. Olson                          (1924)
183 Wis. 290,
197 N.W. 727.

U.S. v. Royer                          (1924)
268 U.S. 394,
45 S.Ct. 519,
69 L.Ed. 1011

Reichert v. Milwaukee County           (1914)
159 Wis. 25,
150 N.W. 401.

U.S. v. Birdsall                       (1914)
233 U.S. 223,
34 S.Ct. 512,
58 L.Ed. 930.

U.S. v. Herrig                (D. Mont. 1913)
204 F. 124.

State v. Brown                         (1910)
143 Wis. 405,
127 N.W. 956.

Crawford v. U.S.                       (1908)
212 U.S. 183,
53 L.Ed. 465.

Hanley v. Stats                        (1905)
125 Wis. 396,
104 N.W. 57.

Lowe v. Conroy                         (1904)
120 Wis. 151,
97 N.W. 942.

Musback v. Schaefer                    (1902)
115 Wis. 357,
91 N.W. 966.

Quayle v. Bayfield County              (1902)
114 Wis. 108,
89 N.W. 892.

St. Croix County v. Webster            (1901)
111 Wis. 270,
87 N.W. 302.

Land, Log & Lumber v. McIntyre         (1898)
100 Wis. 258,
75 N.W. 964.

Quaw v. Paff                           (1898)
98 Wis. 586,
74 N.W. 369.

Sneed v. Sabinal Mining &     (7th Cir. 1896)
Milling Company
71 F., 493,
18 C.C.A. 43.

Fath v. Koeppel                        (1888)
72 Wis. 289,
39 N.W. 539.

Maxwell v. Hartmann                    (1881)
50 Wis. 660.

Kewaunee County v. Knipfer             (1875)
37 Wis. 496.

Druecker v. Salomon                    (1867)
21 Wis. 629,
94 A.D. 571.

State ex rel Carpenter v. Hastings     (1860)
10 Wis. 461.

State ex rel Gill v. Common Council    (1859)
9 Wis. 229.

Britton v. Niccols                     (1882)
104 U.S. 757,
26 L.Ed. 917.

Rogers v. The Marshal                  (1868)
68 U.S. 644,
1 Wall. 644,
17 L.Ed. 714.


 
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Bronson LaFollette Opinions cited in Manual:

61 OAG 256                             (1972)
60 OAG 21                              (1971)
58 OAG 158                             (1969)
54 OAG 195                             (1965)
50 OAG 354                             (1961)
49 OAG 171                             (1960)
48 OAG 257                             (1959)
47 OAG 168                             (1958)
40 OAG 488                             (1951)
40 OAG 416                             (1951)
39 OAG 114                             (1949)
21 OAG 1141                            (1932)
21 OAG 626                             (1932)
20 OAG 883                             (1931)
19 OAG 133                             (1930)
17 OAG 147                             (1928)
12 OAG 290                             (1923)
10 OAG 877                             (1921)
6  OAG  22                             (1917)
1  OAG 503                             (1913)
 
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